Daniel's Seventieth Week
(Excerpted from Clarence Larkin's "Book of Revelation")
9. ILLUSTRATION: Daniel's Seventieth Week
As the events recorded in Re 6:1 to Re 19:21, are connected with the
last, or "Seventieth Week," of Daniel's "SEVENTY WEEKS," it is necessary
that we stop here and explain what is meant by Daniel's "Seventieth Week."
The Prophet Daniel had been 68 years (B. C. 538) in Babylon, and by a
study of the Prophecy of Jeremiah (Jer 25:11), he discovered that the
"Seventy Years" Captivity of his people was nearing its end, and so he set
his face unto the Lord, to seek by prayer and supplication (Da 9:3) to know
the exact time of its ending, and while he was praying the Angel Gabriel
appeared to enlighten him. (Da 9:20-23.) Daniel was concerned about the
expiration of the "Seventy Years" of the Captivity, and the restoration of
his people to Palestine, and the rebuilding of the City of Jerusalem and of
the Temple . But the Angel Gabriel came to disclose to him something more
important than that. While he doubtless informed Daniel that God would
fulfil His promise as to the "Seventy Years" of the Captivity, which, as we
know, He did, he also made known to Daniel that that would not end the
troubles of Israel . That while the Jews were to return to Jerusalem at the
end of the "Seventy Years" of Captivity, there was a longer period to elapse
before the Kingdom would be restored to them, a period of
"SEVENTY WEEKS are determined upon Thy People (Daniel's people the Jews)
and upon the Holy City (Jerusalem), to finish the transgression, and to make
an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in
everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to
anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going
forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the 'MESSIAH
THE PRINCE' shall be SEVEN WEEKS, and THREESCORE AND TWO WEEKS: the street
shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after
THREESCORE AND TWO WEEKS shall MESSIAH BE CUT OFF, but not for Himself: and
the people (Roman) of the PRINCE THAT SHALL COME (Antichrist) shall destroy
the City and the Sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and
unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he (Antichrist)
shall confirm the Covenant with many for ONE WEEK (the last or Seventieth
Week): and in the midst of THE WEEK he (Antichrist) shall cause the
Sacrifice and the oblations to cease, and for the overspreading of
abominations (the Abomination of Desolation spoken of by Christ. Mt 24:15)
he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined
shall be poured upon the desolate." Da 9:24-27.
This Vision of the "SEVENTY WEEKS" is the most important revelation, in
many ways, made in the Scriptures. We are here told that this Period of
"SEVENTY WEEKS" was determined upon Daniel's PEOPLE (the Jews), and upon the
HOLY CITY (Jerusalem), This is very important. It discloses the fact that
the "SEVENTY WEEKS" have nothing to do with the Gentiles, or the Church, but
only with the JEWS and JERUSALEM. It also discloses another important fact
that the "SEVENTY WEEKS" only cover the period when the Jews are DWELLING IN
THEIR OWN LAND, and does not cover the present period of their Dispersion.
We are told in verse 24 that these "SEVENTY WEEKS" were determined for a
1. TO FINISH THE TRANSGRESSION.
It is the transgression of ISRAEL that is here referred to, and the
finishing of it will be the turning away of UNGODLINESS FROM JACOB. Ro
11:26-27. The transgression of Israel has not yet come to an end, and will
not until they as a Nation shall be converted.
2. TO MAKE AN END OF SINS.
The margin reads to "seal up" sins. The sins of ISRAEL. This may refer to
the author of Israel's sins—Satan, who shall at that time be "sealed up" in
the Pit. Re 20:1-3.
3. TO MAKE RECONCILIATION FOR INIQUITY.
This refers to ISRAEL'S iniquity in the rejection of their Messiah. While
atonement was made for their sin on the Cross, its application to Israel as
a Nation awaits the day when they shall look on Him whom they pierced (Zec
12:10), and a fountain shall be opened to the "House of David," and the
inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and uncleanliness, Zec 13:1, and a nation,
the Jewish Nation, shall be "born again" in a day. Isa 66:8.
4. TO BRING IN EVERLASTING RIGHTEOUSNESS.
When the "Transgression of ISRAEL" has come to an end, and her sins are
"sealed up," then everlasting righteousness shall be brought in. The King
will come, and the Kingdom be restored to Israel, and the Millennium will be
here, and the "Knowledge of the Lord" shall cover the earth, as the waters
cover the sea. Hab 2:14.
5. TO SEAL UP THE VISION AND PROPHECY.
When the "Transgression of ISRAEL " has ceased and they have
uninterrupted communion with God, there will no longer be any need for
"Vision" or "Prophet." It is a noteworthy fact that "Vision" and "Prophecy"
has been confined to the Jewish race.
6. TO ANOINT THE MOST HOLY.
This probably refers to the anointing of the "Most Holy Place," or the
"Holy of Holies" of the MILLENNIAL TEMPLE, described by Ezekiel. Eze 41.
There is great significance in this announcement; for, although the
Tabernacle of Moses was anointed (Le 8:10), there is no mention of such a
ceremony in the Consecration of either Solomon's Temple, or the Temple of
Zerubbabel, for those buildings were considered merely as continuations of
the Mosaic Tabernacle. But when the King comes back and sits upon the Throne
of His father David, there is to be a magnificent Temple erected, the like
of which has never as yet been seen on this planet of ours. There will be no
"Ark of the Covenant" with its "Mercy Seat," in the "Most Holy Place" of the
Millennial Temple (Jer 3:16), but in its place will stand the ROYAL THRONE
on which the "BRANCH," the Messiah shall sit as a KING-PRIEST (Zec 6:12-13),
and whose anointing is here referred to.
Now as the fulfilment of this "Six-Fold" purpose of the "SEVENTY WEEKS"
synchronizes with the things that shall happen at the close of this
Dispensation, and that are described in Re 6:1; 19:21, it is clear that the
last, or "SEVENTIETH WEEK" of Daniel's "Seventy Weeks," covers the "TIME
PERIOD" of Re 6:1; 19:21, and confirms the claim that that "Period" is
Jewish and has nothing to do with the Church. To prove this it is only
necessary to outline Daniel's "Seventy Weeks."
The "Seventy Weeks" are divided into "THREE PERIODS" of 7 Weeks, and 62
Weeks, and 1 Week. They cover the time from the going forth of the
commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem, which was the 14th day of the
month Nisan (March) B. C. 445, to the Second Stage (The Revelation) of the
Second Coming of Christ. The "First Period," 7 WEEKS, refers to the time
required to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem, which was 49 years, thus giving
us the "Key" to the meaning of the word "WEEK," for if 7 WEEKS are equal to
49 YEARS, then 1 WEEK is equal to 7 YEARS. Now we are told that from the
going forth of the commandment to restore and rebuild Jerusalem B. C. 445)
unto the "MESSIAH THE PRINCE," shall be 7 WEEKS, and THREESCORE AND TWO
WEEKS, or 69 WEEKS, or, if 1 WEEK is equal to 7 YEARS, 7 x 69 or 483 YEARS.
Now Jesus, as "MESSIAH THE PRINCE," rode in triumph into Jerusalem on Palm
Sunday, April 2, A. D. 30. The difference in time between B. C. 445 and A.
D. 30 is 475 years, but, as we have seen, 69 WEEKS equal 483 years, a
difference of 8 years. How are we to explain this difference?
The 475 years between B. C. 445 and A. D. 30, are Julian or Astronomical
years of 365¼ days each, but when we reduce them to Calendar years of 360
days each, the year used in the Scriptures, we find that we have exactly 483
years of 360 days each. This proves that there was no break between the
"First" and "Second" Periods of the "Seventy Weeks," and that the prophecy
that there should be 69 WEEKS to the coming of "MESSIAH THE PRINCE" was
literally fulfilled. Now as 69 WEEKS of Daniel's "SEVENTY WEEKS" have
already expired, and all that was prophesied to occur during those "SEVENTY
WEEKS" has not yet been fulfilled, it stands to reason that the things
unfulfilled are still future, and must be fulfilled in the remaining "ONE
WEEK," and that that "ONE WEEK" shall be "SEVEN YEARS" long, for it must be
of the same length as the other "WEEKS." This then gives us the length of
time of the reign of the "PRINCE THAT SHALL COME" (Antichrist), who we are
told in verse 27 (Da 9:27) shall make a Covenant with the Jews for "ONE
WEEK" (7 years), the last or "SEVENTIETH WEEK," and that in the "Middle" of
the WEEK he shall break the Covenant and cause the "sacrifice and oblation"
that the Jews will have restored, to cease, and then the "overspreading of
abominations that maketh desolate," shall continue until the end of the
WEEK. As this is just what is foretold will occur during the reign of
Antichrist (2Th 2:3-4) we see that the "Period" between Re 6:1 and Re 19:21,
that we are now about to study, is the "Third Period" of ONE WEEK, of
Daniel's "SEVENTY WEEKS" and that it is to last SEVEN YEARS. From this we
see that while there was no "Time Space" between the "First" and "Second"
Periods of the "Seventy Weeks," there is a "Time Space" between the "Second"
and "Third" Periods or the 69th and 70th Week, of already (A. D. 1919) 1889
years, or the present Church Age. This was hidden so the Church should not
fail to watch. See the Chart, "Daniel's Seventy Weeks." (ILLUSTRATION:
Daniel's Seventy Weeks)